African-Americans also referred to as Black Americans is a racial ethnic group with ancestry from Africa and living in the United States. African-Americans begin with the forced relocation of slaves for the benefit of Europeans in the Americas. Treated as second class people, Blacks have continued to thrive in a continuous hostile environment. Economically, socially and in civil rights, Blacks have contributed to the wealth of the United States. The full participation in government, social and economic systems is a struggle that needs acknowledgement.
A diaspora or scattering of the African population to the United States created a separate ethnic group. American imperialism or the policy of extending the power and influence through military, religious and any other means of the colonies which created the United States has been a prime culprit in the plight of African-Americans.
The success of African-Americans in every facet of American life is celebrated every year during Black History Month (February) and with the listing of accomplishments as in this quiz of “firsts”. The questions in our quizzes are from every field of life. Beginning in the early years of the 20th century, blacks formed organizations, like the Niagara Movement and the NAACP (National Association of the Advancement of Colored People) to coordinate efforts in the struggle.
Many people in the struggle for rights for black people worked for those rights beyond the United States. Those movements were called, Pan Africanism, an efforts to redeem the African diaspora caused by European colonialism.
Black Firsts Quiz - Part 1
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10 Questions Regarding the First Accomplishments of Black Americans
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Visit Black Firsts by BlackHistory-101.com, A Website listing the Black Firsts in America.
Question 1 of 10
What was the first newspaper owned and operated by African-Americans?Correct
Freedom Journal; the first African-American owned and operated newspaper published in the United States. It was based in New York City. Founded on this day (March 16, 1827; the first issue).
Question 2 of 10
What was the first college owned and operated by African-Americans?Correct
Founded in 1856, Wilberforce can trace its orgins to a period before the Civil War. Wilberforce University is a private, coed liberal arts historically black university (HBCU) located in Wilberforce, Ohio. The University is named to honor the the abolitionist, William Wilberforce. He was a leader in the movement to stop the slave trade. Wilberforce worked for 26 years to get the Slave Act of 1807 passed in England.Incorrect
Question 3 of 10
Who was the first African-American to vote in an election in the United States?Correct
Due to the passage of the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1870 ), Thomas Peterson of New Jersey cast a vote.Incorrect
Question 4 of 10
Who was the first African-American commissioned officer of the United States Military?Correct
Henry Ossian Flipper (March 21, 1856 – May 3, 1940); Flipper was the first African-American to graduate from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York.Incorrect
Question 5 of 10
The First African-American to earn a doctorate degree from Harvard University.Correct
Question 6 of 10
First African-American to be invited to dine at the White House?Correct
Booker T. Washington, “Up From Slavery”Incorrect
Question 7 of 10
Who was the First African-American heavyweight boxing champion?Correct
Jack Johnson, the first African American and first Texan to win the heavyweight boxing championship of the world, was born the second of six children to Henry and Tiny Johnson in Galveston on March 31, 1878…read moreIncorrect
Question 8 of 10
Who was the first African-American to win an Olympic Gold Medal?Correct
John Baxter Taylor, Jr. competed at the 1908 summer Olympics in London. He ran the third leg in the men’s 1600 meter relay.Incorrect
Question 9 of 10
Who was the firs African-American woman millionaire?Correct
Question 10 of 10
Who was the first African-American to be appointed a justice to the United States Supreme court?Correct
On June 13, 1967, President Johnson nominated Marshall to the Supreme Court. In a 69-11 vote on August 30, 1967, Marshall became the 96th justice and first African-American of the United States Supreme Court…read moreIncorrect
Leaderboard: Black Firsts Quiz - Part 1
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From science, the arts, military, political and business, Black Americans have produced noteworthy achievements. Difference in the approach to “redeem” the diaspora have occasionally created deep divisions among leaders of the various movements. W.E.B DuBois, for example was an advocate of full participation in American society by blacks. He personally and philosophically differed in the separatist approach of Marcus Garvey. Booker T. Washington was an advocate of a slow skilled labor approach to economic self-sufficiency for blacks, a separatist movement.
The enemies of Blacks attaining full participation in the principles set out in the founding documents of the United States and the rights any human is entitled to, have been vast and too numerous to list. Groups like the Ku Klux Klan, slave owners, state legislatures and law makers that legalized and supported barbaric treatment of Blacks, white businesses and racist mobs are just a small list of opponents to equality.
Celebrate our firsts with this quiz.