Elizabeth “Bessie” Coleman (January 26, 1892 – April 30, 1926) Born in 1892 in Atlanta, Texas (Cass County) Coleman was the first African-American female pilot. In 1920, Coleman with the assistance of Robert Abbott, one of the first African American millionaires, learned to fly in France over the next seven months. She was celebrated upon her return to the United States. Crowds gathered to greet Coleman upon her return. While in Europe, Coleman took part in airshows. She only performed at shows that were integrated. Continuing to perform in show upon her return to the United States, Coleman was very popular, she was known as “Queen Bess”.
According to an editorial in the “Dallas Express”, “There is a reason to believe the general public did not completely sense the size of her contribution to the achievements of the race as such”.
Coleman died in a plane crash near Jacksonville, Florida. It was discovered that a wrench used to service the plane was jammed into the gearbox, Coleman was 34 years old. The famous writer, Ida B. Wells presided over her funeral.
Black Firsts Quiz - Part 1
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10 Questions Regarding the First Accomplishments of Black Americans
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Question 1 of 10
What was the first newspaper owned and operated by African-Americans?Correct
Freedom Journal; the first African-American owned and operated newspaper published in the United States. It was based in New York City. Founded on this day (March 16, 1827; the first issue).
Question 2 of 10
What was the first college owned and operated by African-Americans?Correct
Founded in 1856, Wilberforce can trace its orgins to a period before the Civil War. Wilberforce University is a private, coed liberal arts historically black university (HBCU) located in Wilberforce, Ohio. The University is named to honor the the abolitionist, William Wilberforce. He was a leader in the movement to stop the slave trade. Wilberforce worked for 26 years to get the Slave Act of 1807 passed in England.Incorrect
Question 3 of 10
Who was the first African-American to vote in an election in the United States?Correct
Due to the passage of the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1870 ), Thomas Peterson of New Jersey cast a vote.Incorrect
Question 4 of 10
Who was the first African-American commissioned officer of the United States Military?Correct
Henry Ossian Flipper (March 21, 1856 – May 3, 1940); Flipper was the first African-American to graduate from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York.Incorrect
Question 5 of 10
The First African-American to earn a doctorate degree from Harvard University.Correct
Question 6 of 10
First African-American to be invited to dine at the White House?Correct
Booker T. Washington, “Up From Slavery”Incorrect
Question 7 of 10
Who was the First African-American heavyweight boxing champion?Correct
Jack Johnson, the first African American and first Texan to win the heavyweight boxing championship of the world, was born the second of six children to Henry and Tiny Johnson in Galveston on March 31, 1878…read moreIncorrect
Question 8 of 10
Who was the first African-American to win an Olympic Gold Medal?Correct
John Baxter Taylor, Jr. competed at the 1908 summer Olympics in London. He ran the third leg in the men’s 1600 meter relay.Incorrect
Question 9 of 10
Who was the firs African-American woman millionaire?Correct
Question 10 of 10
Who was the first African-American to be appointed a justice to the United States Supreme court?Correct
On June 13, 1967, President Johnson nominated Marshall to the Supreme Court. In a 69-11 vote on August 30, 1967, Marshall became the 96th justice and first African-American of the United States Supreme Court…read moreIncorrect
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