Freedom Journal; the first African-American owned and operated newspaper published in the United States. It was based in New York City. Founded on this day (March 16, 1827; the first issue). The Freedom Journal was a weekly periodical that was established by free blacks to counter the racist news in mainstream papers of the day.
Samuel Cornish, a Presbyterian minister, and John Russwurn, one of the first African-Americans to graduate from U.S. college, were chosen senior and junior editors.
The Freedom Journal was eventually circulated in 11 states as well as Washington, D.C. The paper also made it to Canada, Europe and Haiti.
The papers popularity declined when Russwurn expressed support for American Colonization Society (a group dedicated to transporting freeborn blacks and freed slaves to Africa). The last issue appeared on March 28, 1829. Russwurn moved to Liberia and founded another newspaper, the Liberia Herald.