Malcolm X

  • Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad

 

Malcolm X remains one of the most iconic and influential men in African-American history. American history would be incomplete without Malcolm X’s examples and his challenge to previously accepted norms. He was a devote and passionate human rights activist. He was both courageous and determined in his advocacy in indicting white America for crimes against black people. He is credited with raising the self-esteem of African-Americans and articulating the connection of blacks with our African roots, perhaps his greatest legacy.

quotes-1aBorn Malcolm Little (May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965) in Omaha, Nebraska.  He was the fourth child of Earl and Louise Little. His father created enemies because of his association with black groups that encouraged self-reliance and black pride. Earl Little was local leader of The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) founded by Marcus Garvey.

 

 

 

 

 

 

quotes-2aMalcolm was orphaned when was six years old. Earl Little was murdered and Louise Little suffered a nervous breakdown and was institutionalized. Leaving Malcolm to stay with a half-sister.

 

 

 

 

 

quotes-3aWhile in jail for petty crimes, Malcolm was encouraged to consider the Nation of Islam by his brother (Reginald) and others, who wrote him, and a fellow prisoner, John Bembry.

Malcolm changed his name to Malcolm X. The “X” replacing the white slave master name.

 

 

 

 

quotes-4aAs a great orator and charismatic person, Malcolm X, was a valuable asset to The Nation. He opened temples in various cities.

In 1964, Malcolm X announced his departure from the Nation of Islam. He converted to Sunni Muslim.

 

 

 

 

quotes-5aDuring Malcolm’s Pilgrimage to Mecca and speaking trips to Africa and Europe, he met Muslims of all colors. African nations offered Malcolm positions in their government.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

quotes-6aAssassination February 21, 1965. There are conspiracy theories as to who or what organization had Malcolm murdered. The fact is; at the Audubon Ballroom in Manhattan, New York, 3 men rushed the stage and fired on him at close range. The autopsy identified 21 gunshot wounds.

 

 

 

 

 

quotes-7aMalcolm X’s legacy has grown since his death. Many African-Americans feel that Malcolm X articulated their feeling of frustration, and distrust of the American government and capitalism in the United States. In 1998, “Time” magazine named “The Autobiography of Malcolm X”, as told to Alex Haley, as one of the most influential books of the 20th century.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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See: -“The Autobiography of Malcolm X”;
– the official website of Malcolm X;

 

 

 

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