A Brief History of the NAACP
For more than 100 years our nation’s premier civil rights organization has fought for human rights, voting rights, economic rights. The NAACP’s stated goal was to work to secure the rights guaranteed in the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the United States Constitution.
Founded on February 12, 1909, the 100th anniversary of the birth of President Abraham Lincoln, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, formed in New York City. When a following meeting of prominent Americans took place in May of that year, the first officers of the organization were selected.
W.E.B. Du Bois (William Edward Burghardt Du Bois) founded The Crisis, a magazine, which became the official publication of the NAACP, in 1910. One of the The Crisis’ aims according to DuBois, was “to show the danger of racial prejudice”. Dubois, one of the co-founders of the NAACP, graduated from Harvard University, became a history professor at Atlanta University and published a collection of essays entitled, The Souls of Black Folks.
By 1917, the organization had 9,000 members and more than 300 branches.
The NAACP began to lead the “struggle” through the legal system. Several noteworthy court cases were championed by the NAACP. The landmark United States Supreme Court decision, Brown v. Board of Education, in 1954, outlawed segregation in public schools. Thurgood Marshall, chief counsel for the NAACP, argued several cases before the Supreme Court during his career, eventually being appointed to the court in 1967. Justice Marshall was nominated by President Johnson, becoming the first African-American Supreme Court Justice. The NAACP is headquartered in Baltimore, Maryland, which happens to be the birth place of Justice Marshall.
During the 1960’s the NAACP, was at the forefront during the passage of key legislation. The civil rights movement was crucial in developing the conscious of the country. Noted legislative accomplishments were the Civil rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968.
Shaping the hearts and minds of people, at home and abroad, has been the legacy of the NAACP. Through demonstrations, marches, legislative accomplishments, electoral initiatives and other non-violent means, this “grassroots” organization has worked to have American live up to its creed.
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1. Question1 points
In What year was the NAACP founded?Correct
2. Question1 points
What is the name of the official publication of the NAACP?Correct
3. Question1 points
What year was the landmark U.S. Supreme Court Case Brown v. Board of Education decided?Correct
Commemorated on May 17th.Incorrect
4. Question1 points
Which NAACP Chief Counsel became a U. S. Supreme Court Justice?Correct
5. Question1 points
Where is the national headquarters of the NAACP located?Correct
6. Question1 points
Who succeeded Justice Marshall upon his death on the Supreme Court?Correct
7. Question1 points
What landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision was passed in 1965?Correct
8. Question1 points
Jim Crow Laws, were state and local statutes that mandated _____________ until 1965.Correct
9. Question1 points
In 1963 Martin Luther King, Jr., at a March on Washington, gave his famous “I have a dream” speech. What was the date of that speech?Correct
10. Question1 points
The bus boycott, inspired by Rosa Parks’ refusal to sit in the back of the bus, took place in what city?Correct
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