Marshall at the age of 32 won a case before the U.S. Supreme Court. That same year, 1940, he became the executive director of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund . As counsel to the NAACP Marshall, represented the complainants in the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education before the U.S. Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court in a unanimous ruling, May 17, 1954, ended racial segregation in public schools. On June 13, 1967, President Johnson nominated Marshall to the Supreme Court. In a 69-11 vote on August 30, 1967, Marshall became the 96th justice and first African-American of the United States Supreme Court. He served on the Supreme Court from October 1967 until October of 1991. Marshall died of heart failure at 84 years old, and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Thurgood Marshall Quiz
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10 Questions about the Life and Times of the Great Thurgood Marshall
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Question 1 of 10
Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was not originally named Thurgood. His name was changed from ______________ in the second grade?Correct
Question 2 of 10
Marshall graduated from Howard University Law School in 1933. In what order of graduates in his class did he graduate ________ .Correct
Marshall attended Lincoln University in Pennsylvania, a historical black college receiving his undergraduate degree.Incorrect
Question 3 of 10
Thurgood Mrshall as one of the nation’s top lawyers he argued 32 cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, winning ______ .Correct
Marshall’s first Supreme Court victory came in 1940, in the case of Chambers v. FloridaIncorrect
Question 4 of 10
Marshall’s mentor, _________, known for his work fighting Jim Crow Laws trained Thurgood.Correct
Charles Hamilton Houston was the Dean of the Howard University law School. He died prematurely in the fight for desegregation.Incorrect
Question 5 of 10
Marshall focused on cases that eventually found Southern State voting laws and their exclusion of African Americans in parts of society unconstitutional during the 1940’s. Arguably his biggest victory came with the Supreme Court decision on May 17, 1954. That case was ___________ .Correct
Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka challenged all segregation laws in the United States not just aimed at desegregating schoolsIncorrect
Question 6 of 10
Marshall championed desegregation in American society. The U.S. Supreme Court in 1896, Plessy v. Ferguson ushered in the era of legal separation of the races. The decent to Plessy was written by Marshall’s favorite Supreme Court Justice, ______________ .Correct
Raised in a family of slave owners, John Marshall Harlan changed his views on the abilities of race. It’s argued Robert Harlan a successful black man was his half-brother. Robert’s success was, to Justice Harlan, an example.Incorrect
Question 7 of 10
Thurgood Marshall served as the chairman of the NAACP’s Legal Defense Fund. During the 1960’s, Marshall’s work would lead directly to the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of ___________ .
Question 8 of 10
Thurgood Marshall was appointed the first African American Solicitor General of the United States. He was appointed by President _________ .Correct
Marshall won 14 of the 17 cases he argued for the government as Solicitor General.Incorrect
Question 9 of 10
On June 13, 1967, President Johnson nominated Marshall to become the 96th Associate Justice the the United States Supreme Court in 1991. President H.W. Bush nominated _____ to replace Marshall on the Court?Correct
Question 10 of 10
Part of Marshall’s legacy was his challenge to the infallibility of the U.S. Constitution. He believed it was defective from the start. What are one of the ways that he used to prove his point?Correct
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