Attorneys representing the Plaintiffs in the landmark United States Supreme Court case of:
Oliver L. Brown et al v. Board of Education of Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas
Thurgood Marshall, Chief Counsel, NAACP/Legal Defense Fund
(July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993); One of America’s premier attorney’s, Thurgood Marshall was born in Baltimore, Maryland, he was a great-grandson of a slave.
Marshall at the age of 32 won a case before the U.S. Supreme Court. That same year, 1940, he became the executive director of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund . As counsel to the NAACP Marshall, represented the complainants in the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education before the U.S. Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court in a unanimous ruling, May 17, 1954, ended racial segregation in public schools. On June 13, 1967, President Johnson nominated Marshall to the Supreme Court. In a 69-11 vote on August 30, 1967, Marshall became the 96th justice and first African-American of the United States Supreme Court. He served on the Supreme Court from October 1967 until October of 1991. Marshall died of heart failure at 84 years old, and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Robert Carter, NAACP/Legal Defense Fund
(March 17, 1917 – January 3, 2012) One of America’s leading legal minds, practicing law in primarily human rights, civil rights an First Amendment cases. Robert L. Carter was a graduate from Columbia Law School, a federal judge, he presided over the merger of the National and American Basketball Leagues in the 1970’s, instrumental in integrating the New York City police force, became general counsel for the NAACP and argued or co-argued before the United States Supreme Court in 21 cases. Carter presented part of the oral arguments in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education.
Jack Greenberg, NAACP/Legal Defense Fund
(December 22, 1924( born in Brooklyn, New York. Greenberg served as the Director-Counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund from 1961 to 1984, succeeding Thurgood Marshall. Greenberg has argued 40 cases (to date) before the United States Supreme Court. He has served as the Dean of Columbia College and vice Dean of Columbia Law School.
Charles Bledsoe, Kansas NAACP
Helped file the Brown v. Board of Education case, attended Washburn Law 1931-37. He passed the bar exam in 1937 and practiced with Elisha and his sons in the law firm of Scott (see below), Scott and Scott. Bledsoe was active in the NAACP and chairman of the legal committee of the association’s Topeka branch.
Charles Scott, Kansas NAACP
(1921-1989) Was a respected civil rights leader with a long legal career in Topeka. In 1965, he was a volunteer representative for civil rights workers in Mississippi, and his law firm represented the Congress of Racial Equality in the 1960s. He served 1972-75 as general counsel for the Kansas Commission on Civil Rights and as hearing examiner until his death. Both John and Charles received the Washburn University School of Law Lifetime Achievement Award in 2008. John was married to Berdyne Davis Anderson, BA 1950.
John Scott, Kansas NAACP
(1919-1984) Helped file the Brown v. Board of Educationcase in the U.S. District Court of Kansas and represented the Kansas case before the U.S. Supreme Court when it was consolidated with several others. John later moved to Washington, D.C., where he retired after 30 years as assistant solicitor for the Department of the Interior.
Read more of our posts covering other aspects of the “march” toward a desegregated society in the United States.
Robert L. Carter, Desegregation Architect
“In the United States, we make progress in two or three steps, then we step back, and blacks are more militant now and will not accept second-class citizenship as before.” – Robert L. Carter.
Zelma Henderson & the Board of Ed.
At 12:52 p.m. on May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down a unanimous opinion written by Chief Justice Earl Warren, commonly known as Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka. The opinion stated that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” and that the separate but equal doctrine, which allowed states to maintain racially segregated schools, had “no place” in public education. read more
Homer Plessy’s Legacy
Homer Plessy was an Octoroon, he was also a soldier in the war for African-American civil rights. That war began before the Civil War and before Homer Plessy challenged the segregation laws in Louisiana in 1892. read more
Brown v. Board of Ed
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5 Questions – Brown v. Board of Ed
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Question 1 of 5
How of the Supreme Court Justices, of the nine, voted to uphold the Plaintiff’s claim in Brown v. Board of Ed?Correct
The decision was unanimous; all nine justices voted for the decision.
Question 2 of 5
The chief counsel for the NAACP argued the Brown v. Bd. of Ed. case before the Supreme Court. What was his name?Correct
Question 3 of 5
The first city in the South to accept the Brown ruling was _________ ?Correct
Dwight D. EisenhowerIncorrect
Question 4 of 5
Homer Plessy was of mixed raced heritage. He was referred to in 1890’s New Orleans as an __________ .Correct
Octoroon, was a person that was one-eighth black.
Question 5 of 5
What year was the decision reached by the U.S. Supreme Court in the case Brown v. Board of Ed?Correct
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